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C. lanceolatum

C. lanceolatum The C. lanceolatum is a species which was thought to be extinct for more than over 50 years. Originated in Guatemala, Mexico and Honduras. History The Guatemala Expedition of the scientist Paul C. Standley from 1938 to 1939 provides the most comprehensive description of C. lanceolatum and the habitats where plants of the […]

C. baccatum

Capsicum baccatum Meaning “berry-like”. Originated from Peru or Bolivia. C. baccatums are ofter referred as “Aji’s”, which means simply “Chile pepper”. This species isn’t very well-know outside south-america which is a shame because there are lots of tasty pods for culinary uses! There are plenty of different pod types and sizes, and there’s a surprising […]

C. chinense

Capsicum chinense The name “chinense” incorrectly referring to place it originated from. No one seems to know why this species was thought to originate from china. Actually,  this group originated from Amazon Basin. This species is well-known of it’s killer hot pods, most common varieties in this group are called “Habanero”. Sometimes the whole species […]

C. frutescens

Capsicum frutescens The name “frutescens” translates as “bushy” or “shrubby”, which usually describes this species quite well. Known best from the famous “Tabasco” sauce which is made from the variety with the same name. There are very few pod variations in this group, varieties are slightly different, but clearly not as much pod shapes as […]

C. annuum

Capsicum annuum The name “annuum” comes from the term “annual”, which is actually incorrect as all Capsicums species are perennials. Capsicum annuums are the most widely cultivated chile pepper species in the world. Includes the common varieties like “Jalapeño”, “Cayenne”, “New Mexican” and many others, like the nonpungent bell peppers and wild Tepins. Even they’re […]

C. pubescens

Capsicum pubescens Meaning “hairy”, which is quite accurate designation as the plants are very hairy even as small seedlings. The pods from this species are known as “Rocotos”. As this species comes from high mountain areas  from tropical countries, the plants withstand cold conditions fairly well. These pods are great for culinary uses even they […]

C. rhomboideum

C. rhomboideum (aka. C. ciliatum) Yellow flowered capsicum originated in South Mexico, which recently was reclassified as Capsicum rhomboideum. (before: C. ciliatum)  History Capsicum rhomboideum also known as Capsicum ciliatum has its distribution area in the south of Mexico to the North of Peru and Venezuela. C. ciliatum is one of the most controversial species […]

C. cardenasii/C.eximium

C. cardenasii / C. eximium   History Capsicum cardenasii was first found in the highlands of Bolivia near the city of La Paz. In a collection of Otto Buchtien there appeared to be a plant similar to cardenasii witch was found in the year 1911 at an altitude of 2450 meters. The plant was first […]

C. galapagoense

C. galapagoense The C. galapagoense is an endemic species in the Galápagos Islands off the coast of Ecuador in South America.   Introduction  As one might expect from anything coming from Galápagos Islands, this species is endemic – and very strange! It is a rather small plant with distinctive, densely hairy leaves which spread strong, […]

C. praetermissum (aka Cumari)

C. praetermissum This is a very common wild species in Brazil.  It grows by itself in the wild, but because of it’s unique flavor is also widely grown commercially in farms.   This species is generally referred to as “Cumarí” in Brazil.  This word comes from the Tupi language (spoken by a brazilian indian tribe) […]