Fatalii's Growing Guide Fatalii Fatalii Seeds Fatalii Grow Fatalii Gourmet Fatalii Media Fatalii Photo Infernochili

C. rhomboideum (aka. C. ciliatum)

Yellow flowered capsicum originated in South Mexico, which recently was reclassified as Capsicum rhomboideum. (before: C. ciliatum)

 History

Capsicum rhomboideum also known as Capsicum ciliatum has its distribution area in the south of Mexico to the North of Peru and Venezuela. C. ciliatum is one of the most controversial species because of their yellow flowers and the lack of sharpness and was removed as Witheringia ciliates from the genus. According to research by AT Hunziker, Barboza & Bianchetti in 2001, the plant was reclassified  as C. rhomboideum.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mexico, Chiapas                                                                                                                                    

Specimens of the species where also found in Chiapas, South Mexico by A.Reyes-García Con R. Hampshire & L. Hernández.


Introduction

In the past some researchers claimed that this plants does not belong to the capsicum family. The plant was rejected from the list of capsicums but recently has been classified as Capsicum rhomboideum. Mostly the vegetative characteristics are very different from other capsicums.

Vegetative characteristics

The growth is quite exceptional compared to other capsicums. The plant grows very quickly in height with many side branches. The leaves are oval shaped and have some pubescent characteristics (hairy). They are about 6 cm long and 5 cm wide. The plant can reach a height up to 2.5m.

 

       

Plant.

         

   

                

Leaf.

Flowers

The flowers of the Capsicum rhomboideum are yellow and very small and grow on long stems.  Like the C. Lanceolatum it has very long calyx teeth.

 C.rhomboideum

 


 






 

Fruits and Seeds

The fruits are round and very small. They mature from green to red and have a diameter 5-6 mm. The fruits are soft and contain no heat. When dried, they have a very special sweet, malt-like taste. The seeds are brown and have a diameter of 2mm. Smaller fruits often have not more then 2 seeds while bigger fruits can contain 5-6 seeds


             

Immature pods.

    

 

Mature pods.

 

      

 Size of the pods.

 

Distribution area

Specific location where plant where found:

Sabana de Bogota: Rio Bogota, height 1.400-1.500 m.

RTequendama: La Mesa, road to La Mesa San Javier, height 950-1.320 m., San Antonio de Tena

 

Additional Pictures

C. rhomboideum Bonchi

C. rhomboideum Bonchi

      

 Flowering.


       

 Maturing pods.


Characteristics:

 Some seeds now available at: http://fatalii.net/seeds

Sources:  
http://www.tropicos.org/
http://www.saunalahti.fi/~thietavu/Chili/L_wild.htm
Pictures: fatalii.net except where other indicated.

Copyright © 2013
Onet Finland oy and Fatalii